Lead paint, which can be hazardous to health, might have been prohibited from the Federal government in 1978, but that doesn’t mean that your home doesn’t have it. Even though houses constructed before the ban are particularly prone to possess lead-based paint, any dwelling may have this paint on sills, door frames, banisters, or just any paintable surface.
Hiring professionals is almost always the safest way to get rid of guide-based paint, but do-it-yourself lead paint removal is another alternative that some homeowners opt for. However, given the health risks, it takes attention to detail, amazing care, and adherence to rules.
Determining If Your Home Has Lead Paint
Year House Built
Chance of Lead Paint
|Prior to 1940||87%|
|1940 to 1960||69%|
|1960 to 1978||24%|
Newer houses are statistically less likely to comprise lead-based paint, as Federal limitations started to be implemented. However, homes built after 1978 may contain lead as homeowners or contractors used existing supplies of direct paint.
Suspected lead paint could be analyzed by a laboratory. Wipe samples of dust are sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Some older properties might still have paint cans in attics or basements. A number of these headphones will indicate on the label that they contain lead. If you discover cans like this, there’s a greater likelihood that someone used lead paint in your house at some point.
As a do-it-yourselfer, practicing containment, protection, dust reduction, and cleaning techniques can help you safely remove lead paint from your dwelling. These are the identical EPA-recommended techniques used by professionals.
- Containment: The work area must be included behind an air-tight plastic curtain. Dust shouldn’t be permitted to leave the worksite.
- Protection: Anyone in the worksite who’s removing lead paint should wear complete protective equipment.
- Dust Reduction: Water, delivered in mist form using a spray bottle, helps to contain the dust when direct paint has been sanded or scraped off.
- Cleaning: The job ought to be cleaned up using a HEPA vacuum, typically found in a rental yard. Do not use your house ‘s vacuum. After the job has concluded, anyone who had been in the worksite should clean off and wash or dispose of any protective equipment.
When it comes to eliminating lead paint, there are methods you should avoid. Don’t use an open fire or attempt to burn the lead-based paint. Don’t use a heat gun.
- Duct tape
- Painter’s tape
- Sheet plastic
Protect the House and swimmers
Make sure that children and pets are out of the home when eliminating the direct paint. Switch off any forced air heating or cooling systems. Close interior doors. Take particular care with nurseries and kids ‘s rooms. Be certain no food is left out on the kitchen counters. Remove furniture and all unnecessary items from the worksite.
Setup the Containment System
Staple or tape the sheet vinyl from walls, ceiling, and floor to make an air-tight barrier. Cover the flooring. If you’re working out, cover the floor with tarp.
Put on the Protective Gear
Put on the one-piece coveralls with booties. Put the hoodie on your head and put on the respirator. Put on the gloves. All protective gear has to be tight. If the relation between the gloves and coveralls isn’t tight, tape them down.
Spray the Surface and Scrape It
With wash water in the sprayer, mist the surface of the region. Keep the sprayer in 1 hand and scrape away the paint together with the flip side. Maintain the lead paint continually wet.
Sand the Surface
Whenever potential, scrape away lead-based paint instead of sanding it. It’s always preferable to remove lead paint in massive sections. If scraping fails, however, switch to the hand-held sanding block or the cordless electric sander.
As with the scratching process, liberally wet down the surface prior to sanding. All removed debris ought to be wet; it shouldn’t be dry or powdery.
don’t use a corded electric sander due to the danger of electrical shock with the large amounts of water required to eliminate the dust.
Clean the Worksite
After eliminating the paint, clean up the worksite thoroughly with the HEPA vacuum. Carefully remove the plastic wall. Still wearing protective equipment, wipe down surfaces with a moist cloth. Wet mop the floor.
Dispose of protective equipment and vinyl wall coverings in a secure way. Wash all contaminated clothing. Wet-clean all tools.
Do not put the debris in the household garbage. Contact your county or city for information about how to safely eliminate lead-based paint debris.